Who's Online
11 registered (Calvin, Alek, Andy Kemp, Val Davis, Rob B., Vicarn, 2 invisible) and 159 anonymous users online.
Shout Box

What's Going On
Top Posters
29275
"Tampa Stan" Good (D)
17636
Calvin
17588
Brian Austin Whitney
13618
Graham Henderson (D)
11806
Bobbie Gallup (D)
11600
Scott Campbell
10704
Michael LeBlanc
10690
Richard G Blum (D)
10328
Jean Bullock
10240
Kaley Willow
9972
Kevin Emmrich
9571
Two Singers
9255
John Voorpostel
9186
Joice Marie
8574
Mike Dunbar
8469
Mackie H.
8463
BIG JIM MERRILEES
8424
glynda
8389
Corky Bernard (D)
8318
Tricia Baker
8209
Travis david
8053
Lisa Gundling
7997
Mike Caro Substudio
7861
Johnny Daubert
7357
Corey
7284
John Lawrence Schick
7232
Beth G. Williams
7009
Colin Ward
6982
couchgrouch
6559
Wyman Lloyd
6384
Mark Kaufman
6351
Joe Wrabek
6343
Bill Robinson
6278
Ben Burton
5946
ben willis
5875
Douglas Murphy
5799
Everett Adams
5703
Ray E. Strode
5672
Lynn Orloff
5652
Louis
5601
Linda Sings
5278
Little_stevie_b
5136
KimberlyinNC
5024
niteshift
4998
Robert Pickens
4892
Derek Hines
4807
Dave Rice
4765
Ricki E. Bellos
4697
Janice Hopkins
4647
Emily Sanders
4528
Blake Hill
4489
Moker Jarrett
4430
Anthony Torres
4403
DonnaMarilyn
4372
Bob Young (D)
4316
Marc Barnette
4297
Michael Borges
4288
Bob Cushing
4199
Bill Osofsky
4188
bailey bridges
4172
Cindy Miller
4160
Vicarn
4147
Tom Shea
3993
Joanne Lurgio
3811
Caroline
3806
nightengale
3765
Jim Colyer
3739
Roy Cooper
3709
TamsNumber4
3679
MFB III
3672
Jody Whitesides
3639
Samuel Harris
3619
Kolstad
3563
Michael Zaneski
3551
Kristi McKeever
3540
Michele Howlett
3505
WriterTomYeager
3482
John W. Selleck
3448
Dan Sullivan
3427
Dottie
3411
joewatt
3310
Neil Cotton
3279
Bill Cooper
3258
Paul T Wentworth
3227
Greg C. Brown
3193
John Hoffman
3072
David Fontaine
3065
Michael James Moore
3027
Skip Johnson
3007
Pam Hurley
3005
Terry G
2918
Sharon Longworth
2875
Richard Scott
2848
Harriet Ames
2814
Herbie Gaines
2777
beechnut79
2732
Nigel Quin
2722
PopTodd
2654
Dan Windowman
2558
Tom Tracy
2528
Bugsey
2526
Polly Hager
2524
Jerry Jakala
2499
Al Alvarez
2461
Gary Gray X
2448
Eric Thome
2438
Kurt Fortmeyer
2426
Ande Rasmussen
2401
Hummingbird
2394
E Swartz
2290
Sharon I. Wells
2263
Stan Loh
2233
Sam Wilson
2230
Judy Hollier
2202
Erica Ellis
2177
Shayne Vaughan
2149
Nelson
2125
Idamarie Naelitz (D)
2117
Annie Tennisco
2116
Mary Lou Sudkamp
2096
TrumanCoyote
2083
Wendy D
2067
R. Shayne Vaughan
2012
Marty Helly
1997
Ria (Elizabeth)
1984
DukeWill
1963
Charlann Shepherd
1946
Gregory Watton
1929
Ray Thyer
1910
Dan O'Connell
1904
Clint Anglin
1867
Heidi Thompson
1866
David Wright
1851
Clairejeanne
1824
Cindy LaRosa
1822
Larry Williams
1811
cindyrella
1706
Steven August Rieck
1685
Michael W. Brown
1679
maccharles
1675
Ronald Boyt
1652
MidniteBob
1620
Noel Downs
1605
Ashleigh Wehmeyer
1589
Linda Anthony
1574
Cal
1567
Iggy
1553
Jack Swain
1537
Pete Larsen
1529
Ann Tygart
1515
Rick Heenan
1512
Janice Messer
1487
Tom Breshers
1483
Kay-lynn Carew
1478
Kevin Edward Rose
1440
Ralph Blight
1438
Sofa King Bixby
1438
Barry David Butler
1432
Chuck Crowe
1429
Kenneth Cade
1427
Rick Norton
1411
bholt
1408
Tom Franz
1406
Letha Allen
1402
RogerS
1402
Stan Simons
1384
mattbanx
1362
in2piano
1350
Jen Shaner
1347
Charlie Wong
1332
Randall Baker
1327
James B. Mitchell
1324
KevinP
1316
Vondelle
1299
Jan Petter
1291
scottandrew
1269
floyd jane
1265
DakLander
1249
Jeff Van Devender
1227
Ian Ferrin
1218
Christine Ledford
1216
Lynman Bacolor
1209
IdeaGuy
1209
Glen King
1180
Gary E. Andrews
1177
AaronAuthier
1172
Kathy Bampfield
1158
Diane Ewing
1139
Michelle Chapman
1116
PeteG
1075
BobbyJoe
1061
Tom W.
1044
summeoyo
1040
Bree Griffith
1040
S.DEE
1037
yann
1034
Gerry
1024
GocartMoz
1021
joro
1016
Tony A
1014
Jeannette Desnoyers
988
Tony Whitehead
986
argo
984
peaden
983
Doug/Liszt Laughing
969
Trudi Southerland
964
Clark Dickinson
960
Wolvman
957
My Stunt Brain
945
Jen Warner
937
Patrick Bryant
927
John Inglett
912
Jak Kelly
906
Steve West
901
David Gill
890
krtinberg
887
Paul H. Gaines
883
Petra
874
Michael Thomas Ellis
865
Janice & Bud
865
Doug Buche
863
Barkin' Barney
856
Drifter
854
December X
853
Curtis Cameron
852
brandon kilgore
845
RJC
842
unwanted_guitarist
840
Brenda152
827
Nadia
823
Jean Larson
822
johannasvision
813
Susan Lainey
810
Todd Strachan
800
Cognac
797
Juan
788
Wesley Ryan
780
frahmes
779
Ms.Goody Haines
776
Christine Mascott
775
Steve Dockendorf
775
TKO
774
Ozone Pete
772
Andrew Aversa
762
teletwang
762
Shirley E Matthews
756
Accelerator
752
airun
737
kaboombahchuck
736
tbryson
728
Doug Healey
725
Andy Kemp
720
CowboySlim
720
L. James Tanner
708
Andy K
704
3daveyO3
703
Dayson
702
Frank N Furter
701
Dixie
698
Sausagelink
695
Joy Boy
694
ant
694
Jim Offerman
693
Jackie444
691
Terry Moore
691
Ott Lukk
686
Knute
679
Steve Vaclavik
678
Lee Arten
672
Mark Schuessler
656
lane1777
652
Katziis
638
R.T.MOORE
637
quality
631
thunder_road_2051
628
Ricky Layne
628
Diana Tyler
622
CG King
621
douglas
614
Mel
612
Richard Maclemale
610
Terrill Coggins
607
BobDobbins
602
Bobby Wayne
601
NaomiSue
598
Doc Lovett
592
Roy M. Schnug
590
HeatherMorris
589
Shandy
587
Ria
583
TAMERA64
576
Meg Engell
570
Pamela Bowne
570
qbaum
567
Leanne Marchand
565
nitepiano
561
JanValJohansen
559
Michael Meal
558
Michael Hollomon
556
Mikal Hartley
556
pRISCILLA
555
cozmicslop
553
Tink2
551
Taggy Lee (D)
549
Marlene Palmer
541
Sharpe Lurker
539
musica
539
TheCiscoKid
531
Dave Whitehead
530
Sharon Irene Wells
528
deanbell
527
RobertK
524
bobbyearlray
522
Roderic
514
Puddleglum
512
King Song o' Man
511
BB Wilbur
510
Jody K Smith
509
Duncan Wells
509
Perfectpitch
508
Dan Tindall
501
TerriLynnBlues
499
goodfolks
497
Doug Heard
489
Melissa Evans
487
Rick Maines
487
Zeek
486
Stu
486
9ne
486
Moosesong
481
Steve P.
481
Irwin
469
Van Borden
465
Robert D. Gann
462
KathyW
461
Steve Altonian
460
Doug Barnett
459
allenb
454
Philjo
454
Aaron Johnson
453
differenzmusic
452
Michael Downing
451
Mark Cockerill
450
les_paul_gurl
448
trush48
448
Mike Parrish
448
fanito
442
dmk
440
Tobias B White
437
EaglesDreams2
436
DGR
434
MaxG
433
Janet Snow
433
Stephen D
431
Emmy
426
Rob L
424
Steve Cooke
423
arealrush
422
marquez
419
kit
417
Softkrome
415
kyrksongs
413
nikkigal201
412
Jeff Epstein
411
Randy P. Gendron
410
Russ Clayton
408
RRon
407
Debra
407
Laura G.
407
VNORTH
406
eb
404
Uncle Steve
403
StrCountry1
401
Midnite Bob
399
Barry Crannell
399
cuebald
398
EdPerrone
395
Hobart
394
Mary Gardner
394
bluelitenin
393
Davyboy49
393
Dannyk1
392
avweek
392
Anne Meredith-Will
391
GT Acoustic
389
Smile
387
Brenda Lowry
387
Steve Humes
387
GJShades
385
Bernd Harmsen
384
Ezt
382
beancounter
382
Stevens119
382
A Gun Called Maria
380
tone
380
Marla
378
Bob_Leslie
377
coalminer
376
Teddie Cochran Music
376
Cecilee
374
nightingale
374
java
372
nitetrapper
371
spidey
370
Dak Lander
370
sweetsong
367
danny
366
Tracy Harris
363
richard murrey
362
Thetuneman
360
Jim Ryan
356
Nathan Baker
353
90 dB
352
papaG
351
Mike Siegel
350
Z - man
348
John K
347
JamesDF5
346
Nick Holbrook
345
Kennan Zishka
344
Mary Lemanski
344
Jaden
341
ddreuter
340
Ronald Boyte
340
TheBaz
340
SimpleSimon
339
leif
339
Steggy
336
Don Martin (D)
336
Andy Dinnell
336
tonedeaf
334
rickwork
332
Latteta Theresa
332
Cher Klosner
332
Eddie Ray
331
Kevin Miller
329
Wayne Brown
328
Johnboy
328
Bob Lever
327
Helicon1
326
lucian
325
Richard Stringfellow
324
Alek
322
Charles Kirkland
321
Muskie
321
kmaquilan2000
319
kc
319
TxBrownEyedBlond
319
Summer Rose
318
Doug Spears
318
Z. Mulls
317
Paul Churchfield
315
brokenwing
313
April Johns
313
ptondreau
313
Teri Foreman-Black
312
ONOFFON
311
Songwriterdemos
309
R&M
308
Dennis H. Harbour
306
CanisLupus
305
FrankWilliamson
304
Chris B.
304
guildslinger
304
trush
301
billrocker
301
Eric Baker
301
Anna Marie
299
Bill Assumpcao
299
Pete Evanson
298
johnfindlay
298
Mike Worrall
297
ed323
297
Twisted Texan
296
pathardy
295
abraham is burning
293
Ellen M
293
Stefan des Lauriers
292
pafaustine
291
lizzorn
290
nicnac49
288
Heather N. Orwig
287
pomeranj
286
Char
285
ktunes
284
Jan Johansen
282
Marvin Adcock
280
JustinTravis
280
mastrose
279
pammie
279
FixX
278
Andy-S-1407
277
pd
277
Kaika Kale
276
Lady Fitzgerald
274
Duane O'Mac
273
Kris Karr
273
John Scott
272
studiojazzrockguitarX
272
Mike Claxton
271
David Hooper
270
OH Napier
270
Dennis song lyrics
268
Ken
268
FastEddie
268
PrayDaily
266
AJ Baker
265
gkwaters
265
Stephen John (singch
263
Natalie Brown
262
MrsStash
261
dtrain1234
257
frimpy
255
jblackwrites
254
markus-ky
253
Katie Powner
252
amccarthy
251
BitWhys
251
Redlady8029
251
jeff
251
Fred Choate
249
AntonyW
249
tim houlihan
249
John Marnie
248
Pramod Ninan
247
Stag
247
Scoot1
244
Aaron
243
Rocgae
243
Ken Randall
243
MHFair
243
Chris Young
243
ric4music
242
Bass2x
242
Keye Kirkland
242
Lyndyn
242
AutumnEyes
242
cody sloan
239
Martin James
239
Sue Rarick
238
Charlie2015
238
ShimmerPuppy
238
B K Williamson
237
Tom Solanto
236
James B.Williamson
236
songman
235
Marian Longfield
234
AKA Wordsmith
233
Kenna
232
Bill Draper
232
FreewheelNat
230
BonnieHickling
230
Hugozhor
229
CalmDog
228
paul schmid
228
TDBrown
228
Maye
227
David Guy
225
Vicki Shields
225
Sk8boi
225
Jim Pirinelli
224
songbird1
224
SongMom
223
Aaron Corley
223
Ken Damkier
222
SimonRead
222
Kitty84
222
jt wojahn
221
sparty5
220
johnnie7au
219
Terry Fernihough
218
Droptine
218
cody sloan Jr
218
Nicholaus Billings
218
ejlawrence
217
Darius Babylon
217
CountrySongwriter
217
Gilead
217
Delphia Blize
216
thinkhaus
216
snail1
215
writie
214
loonylyricslady
214
Optikal Illusion
214
Scott Philip Stewart
213
Folkie
213
Byron Mathis
212
PenniJPF
211
Michael Wind
209
bob2
208
Slimphaat
208
JTHOMP
207
Pianosam
207
tom scudiero
205
John Webb
204
PeterJ
204
Diane Jessurun
204
ColmT
204
randy
202
darby
Page 1 of 1 1
Topic Options
Rate This Topic
#944750 - 02/08/12 06:25 PM Signing copyrights over to publishers
Maureen Fichten
Serious Contributor


Registered: 01/24/07
Posts: 115
Loc: New Jersey
Hello Mentors, I really need some help here : I've read all I can about copyright and contracts with publishers but I'm still a little confused. First question: Should I always ask for part of the copyright when signing a publishing deal? (I have a co-publishing deal for one song but do I ask every time?)

Second : If a publisher places a song in TV, Film, Ad's is that the same a s an artist cutting it and should they be able to keep the copyrights in that case?

Any help is greatly appreciated as I navigate my way though all of this -

Thanks so much for your time and wisdom \:\)

Maureen Fichten
http://www.maureenfichten.com
_________________________
[url] http://www.myspace.com/maureenfichten link [/url]

Top
#944765 - 02/08/12 08:33 PM Re: Signing copyrights over to publishers [Re: Maureen Fichten]
Ray E. Strode
Top 40 Poster


Registered: 05/22/01
Posts: 5703
Loc: Brunswick, Ga. USA
Most Publishers will want 100 percent. That means you get 100 percent of the writers portion the publisher gets the other half. If there is more that one writer the writer's split the writer's portion between themselves depending how they decide to split it. When you assign Publishing you are, in effect selling the song for royalities, if any. You should get a Reversion Clause of 1 to 3 years. That way if they don't get the song recorded and released at the end of the time period the song automaticly reverts to the writer's.

35 Years after the first release or 40 years after you sign a contract with no reversion clause you can re-claim your copyright.

Publishing Contracts will have a 50/50 split on a mechanical license unless you negoiate for a part of the publisher's portion. Sync Licenses could be a different split and should be spelled out in the contract, as well as all other royalities.

If a contract contains a clause that the publisher can assign the song to another publisher you should require that only the publisher's portion can be split, not the writer's portion.


Edited by Ray E. Strode (02/08/12 08:35 PM)
_________________________
Ray E. Strode

Top
#944766 - 02/08/12 08:36 PM Re: Signing copyrights over to publishers [Re: Ray E. Strode]
Maureen Fichten
Serious Contributor


Registered: 01/24/07
Posts: 115
Loc: New Jersey
Thanks Ray. I just wanted to make sure that was the "norm", it sounds a little scary signing away the copyright but I understand it better now - thanks
_________________________
[url] http://www.myspace.com/maureenfichten link [/url]

Top
#944772 - 02/08/12 10:32 PM Re: Signing copyrights over to publishers [Re: Maureen Fichten]
Colin Ward
Top 30 Poster


Registered: 05/31/06
Posts: 7009
Loc: Saint Petersburg. FL
Second - Placing a song in TV or film is a lot different from having an artist cutting it. Typically, the finished recording is being placed in the film and there is often an upfront fee plus royalties. The fees and royalties may be split with the entity that places the song - often 50-50. The entity does not usually get the copyright. Usually they get non-exclusive use of the song which remains yours to place again.
_________________________
Colin

I try to critique as if you mean business.....

http://colinwardmusic.com/

http://rosewoodcreekband.com/



Top
#944786 - 02/09/12 02:06 AM Re: Signing copyrights over to publishers [Re: Colin Ward]
John Lawrence Schick
Top 30 Poster


Registered: 12/14/08
Posts: 7284
Loc: PA
From my experience...

There are three basic music library publisher agreements; exclusive, non-exclusive, and semi-exclusive.

Exclusive is where the library is granted sole rights to exploit and enter your masters into licensing agreements. Bottom-line, for the term of the agreement, itís no longer your property. Youíre only entitled to whatever compensation is spelled out in the agreement. The reality of signing this kind of agreement and/or signing over the copyright are one-in-the-same Ė they own all rights for the duration of the contract. Make sure thereís a reversion clause where the song and copyright revert back to you if not placed (usually in 2-3 years).

Non-exclusive is where the library has rights to exploit and enter your masters into licensing agreements, but not sole rights. You still can enter into other non-exclusive agreements with other publishers as well. Signing over a copyright isn't applicable in this kind of agreement.

Semi-exclusive is where the library has sole rights to license your music, but you can still personally sell and exploit your music. You just canít enter into agreements with other libraries.

I only know of one library that asks for the copyright (Song Matchmakers). I have all three of the above agreements with a couple dozen libraries, none of which even brings the subject of copyright up. However, all the contracts Iíve signed have clauses making you responsible for any future copyright infringement, and holding the library non-liable.

Personally I see no need in signing over the copyright to an exclusive library, since everything is spelled out in the agreement. However, I donít have a problem with it either - as long as there is a reversion clause.

Best, John \:\)
_________________________
Stop analyzing; just compose the damn thing!

http://www.broadjam.com/artists/home.php?artistID=91414

Top
#944809 - 02/09/12 09:07 AM Re: Signing copyrights over to publishers [Re: John Lawrence Schick]
Maureen Fichten
Serious Contributor


Registered: 01/24/07
Posts: 115
Loc: New Jersey
Hi John, thank you - yes I have my songs with music libraries and it's all on a non-exclusive basis -

On the publisher side of things, I guess I understand that if they get the song cut, ( and I have a clause in my other contracts that says a "cut" has to be with a recognizable name with a label and promotion dept.) than it would be only fair for them to have the copyright - just still trying to wrap my mind around the business end of all of this!!

Thanks so the help -
_________________________
[url] http://www.myspace.com/maureenfichten link [/url]

Top
#944829 - 02/09/12 10:27 AM Re: Signing copyrights over to publishers [Re: Maureen Fichten]
Mike Dunbar Moderator
JPF Mentor


Registered: 04/13/01
Posts: 8574
Loc: Nashville Tennessee
Maureen, I highly recommend that you get a recent copy of "The Craft and Business of Songwriting" by JPF member John Braheny, and study it. Become an expert on the business because it is full of sharks, slick operators, and hardball negotiators.

http://www.amazon.com/Craft-Business-Songwriting-John-Braheny/dp/0898796539

Also, here is my article on "Sharkproofing Yourself." It covers some of the more notorious scams.

http://www.mikedunbarmusic.com/sharkproof-yourself.html

Good luck and God bless.

Mike
_________________________
You've got to know your limitations. I don't know what your limitations are. I found out what mine were when I was twelve. I found out that there weren't too many limitations, if I did it my way. -Johnny Cash

It's only music.
-niteshift

Mike Dunbar Music


Top
#944844 - 02/09/12 12:22 PM Re: Signing copyrights over to publishers [Re: Mike Dunbar]
Maureen Fichten
Serious Contributor


Registered: 01/24/07
Posts: 115
Loc: New Jersey
Thanks Mike,

I have it \:\) I've read the information but sometimes I need more clarification.

I was in the singing/acting business for many years so the sharks I can see a mile away, it just all this contract stuff that I want to make sure I understand -
Thanks so much!!! I appreciate you taking the time -

maureen
_________________________
[url] http://www.myspace.com/maureenfichten link [/url]

Top
#944869 - 02/09/12 02:39 PM Re: Signing copyrights over to publishers [Re: Colin Ward]
Maureen Fichten
Serious Contributor


Registered: 01/24/07
Posts: 115
Loc: New Jersey
Thanks Colin \:\)
_________________________
[url] http://www.myspace.com/maureenfichten link [/url]

Top
#944877 - 02/09/12 03:56 PM Re: Signing copyrights over to publishers [Re: Mike Dunbar]
Maureen Fichten
Serious Contributor


Registered: 01/24/07
Posts: 115
Loc: New Jersey
Great article Mike - thanks for your info \:\)
_________________________
[url] http://www.myspace.com/maureenfichten link [/url]

Top
#945536 - 02/14/12 07:43 AM Re: Signing copyrights over to publishers [Re: Maureen Fichten]
Brian Austin Whitney Administrator
Bard of the Boards


Registered: 04/20/01
Posts: 17588
Loc: Indianapolis, IN USA
Maureen,

If you have read John Braheny's book and are still unsure about some things, he's a close friend of mine (and a JPF Mentor) and I will be happy to have him come here personally to answer you here or in private if you'd like. Let me know!

Brian
_________________________
Brian Austin Whitney
Founder
Just Plain Folks
jpfolkspro@aol.com
Skype: Brian Austin Whitney

"Don't sit around and wait for success to come to you... it doesn't know the way." -Brian Austin Whitney



Top
#945563 - 02/14/12 11:21 AM Re: Signing copyrights over to publishers [Re: Brian Austin Whitney]
Maureen Fichten
Serious Contributor


Registered: 01/24/07
Posts: 115
Loc: New Jersey
Thank you so much Brian !

I really do appreciate the time you and everyone on this website gives to answer questions and be supportive.

I'm learning as I go and I just want to make sure I'm doing the right thing.

If any more questions come up I will let you know - again thank you \:\)

* It is a great book for anyone who doesn't have it yet
_________________________
[url] http://www.myspace.com/maureenfichten link [/url]

Top
#947188 - 02/23/12 04:33 PM Re: Signing copyrights over to publishers [Re: Maureen Fichten]
pathardy
Top 500 Poster


Registered: 09/26/11
Posts: 296
This is such a tricky thing, "do I sign with big publisher, and
convey copyright, grant exclusivity, and give all of the publishing, or do I go with a smaller, perhaps more aggressive, publisher and keep the copyright and part of the publishing?

Because a friend of mine, years ago, signed away three songs to Warner Chapell ( she won grand prize at a song contest ) and the fact they buried her song, did nothing with it ( it was as if they never intended to do anything with it ), tied it up completely , I will never go with a big publisher like that, and, favor the smaller, more aggressive, and less greedy, little guy. If I do go with a big outfit, it better have a two year sunset clause. So, don't go home without one \:\)


Edited by pathardy (02/23/12 04:34 PM)

Top
#947688 - 02/26/12 09:47 PM Re: Signing copyrights over to publishers [Re: pathardy]
Maureen Fichten
Serious Contributor


Registered: 01/24/07
Posts: 115
Loc: New Jersey
Thanks for the info - I work with a smaller publisher who is a stand-up guy , honest and hard working so I will keep all the info about larger publishers to heart \:\)
_________________________
[url] http://www.myspace.com/maureenfichten link [/url]

Top
Page 1 of 1 1


Moderator:  Brian Austin Whitney, Mike Dunbar, Stu, Kevin Emmrich 
Hop to:
Community Partners
Support Just Plain Folks

We would like to keep the membership in Just Plain Folks FREE! Your donation helps support the many programs we offer including Road Trips and the Music Awards.


Membership
Join Just Plain Folks
to receive the free
JPNotes Newsletter!
*this is separate from
message board registration*

Newest Members
Jimmy Fleming, TC Perkins, magicjuani, Bat Kinane, Les M
20773 Registered Users
Forum Stats
20773 Members
115 Forums
112735 Topics
1064179 Posts

Max Online: 1456 @ 04/10/08 05:00 PM

Generated in 0.034 seconds in which 0.002 seconds were spent on a total of 13 queries. Zlib compression enabled.